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Timeline

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

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The 18th Amendment makes illegal the “manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors.”

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The 22nd Amendment limits an elected president to two terms in office, a total of eight years.

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The 25th Amendment was passed in order to clarify what happens upon the death, removal, or resignation of the president or vice president and how the presidency is temporarily filled if the president becomes disabled and cannot fulfill his responsibilities.

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The 17th Amendment provides for the popular election of U.S. senators. This timeline shows the related major legislation and Supreme Court cases.

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This timeline provides milestones as legal rights of the accused have evolved through U.S. Supreme Court rulings.

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Article I, Section 3, of the Constitution says that the House of Representatives brings charges of impeachment to remove a president, vice president or other civil officer, such as a judge. The Senate conducts the trial and decides whether person is to be removed from office.

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This timeline addresses milestones in immigration and government policies.

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This timeline provides milestones regarding health care and government policies through American history.

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The First Amendment protects the free press, including television, radio and the Internet. The media are free to distribute a wide range of news, facts, opinions and pictures.

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The First Amendment allows citizens to express and to be exposed to a wide range of opinions and views. It was intended to ensure a free exchange of ideas even if the ideas are unpopular. Freedom of speech encompasses not only the spoken and written word, but also all kinds of expression (including non-verbal communications, such as sit-ins, art, photographs, films and advertisements).

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The First Amendment’s free exercise clause allows a person to hold whatever religious beliefs he or she wants, and to exercise that belief by attending religious services, praying in public or in private, proselytizing or wearing religious clothing, such as yarmulkes or headscarves. Also included in the free exercise clause is the right not to believe in any religion, and the right not to participate in religious activities. Second, the establishment clause prevents the government from creating a church, endorsing religion in general, or favoring one set of religious beliefs over another.

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The 13th Amendment, one of the Reconstruction era amendments, abolished slavery.

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This timeline addresses milestones in the civil rights movement, women’s rights movement, and immigration and citizenship.

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This timeline addresses freedom of speech and the press, freedom of assembly and the right to petition the government, and freedom of religion.

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The 16th Amendment states that Congress has the power to tax incomes, from whatever “source” derived, without having to go through “apportionment.”

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Article III of the Constitution establishes that there shall be a Supreme Court and other lower federal courts that Congress can create. Because Article III does not include many specifics about the structure of these courts, as one of its first orders of business, Congress passes the Judiciary Act of 1789.

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The framers of the Articles of Confederation at the Constitutional Convention caution against an imbalance of power among the branches of government. To protect against that pitfall, they enumerate a system of checks and balances and outline broad but contained rights for each of three branches.

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The 23rd Amendment gives residents of the District of Columbia the right to have their votes counted in presidential elections. D.C. residents have only one non-voting delegate to the House of Representatives.

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This timeline provides milestones for events and policy decisions regarding energy and the environment.

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This is a timeline of the context for the 12th Amendment, which allows candidates for president and vice president to run on the same ticket.

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This timeline provides milestones for education and education policy in the United States.

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The 27th Amendment prevents members of Congress from granting themselves pay raises during the current session. Rather, any raises that are adopted must take effect during the next session of Congress.

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The Constitution is ratified. Article 1, Section 8 gives Congress the authority “To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.”