White House Issues Affirmative Action Guidelines

1995

After the U.S. Supreme Court decides Adarand Constructors v. Pena, President Bill Clinton issues a White House memorandum calling for the elimination of any program that “(a) creates a quota; (b) creates preferences for unqualified individuals; (c) creates reverse discrimination; or (d) continues even after its equal opportunity purposes have been achieved.”

Clinton says in a speech that although Adarand set stricter guidelines for affirmative action programs, it “actually reaffirmed the need for affirmative action and reaffirmed the continuing existence of systematic discrimination in the United States.”