Chief Justice John Marshall administers the presidential oath of office to James Madison in the Hall of the House of Representatives (now National Statuary Hall). Since then, with few exceptions, presidents have taken the oath in the House Chamber or in a place of the Capitol associated with the Congress as a whole. The vice presidential oath of office is customarily taken in the Senate Chamber, since the vice president serves as head of the Senate. President Jefferson watches Madison’s swearing-in ceremony from the audience since he no longer holds office. Madison is the first president to hold the inaugural ball on the same day as his inauguration.