Federal Judge Charles H. Swayne Impeached

1904

U.S. District Court Judge Charles H. Swayne, Northern District of Florida, is impeached for filing false travel vouchers, improper use of private railroad cars, unlawfully jailing two attorneys for contempt, and living outside his district. On Feb. 27, 1905, after a trial of more than two months, senators refuse to convict Swayne, saying that his offenses are not “high crimes and misdemeanors.” Massachusetts Sen. George F. Hoar proposes that in future impeachment trials, a Senate committee assemble and listen to evidence, then recommend action to the whole body. Eventually, his proposal is included in the Senate impeachment rules.