Education Reformers Open First Middle Schools

1909

School districts in Columbus, Ohio, and Berkeley, Calif., establish the nation’s first junior high schools, pushed by educational reformers who want to diversify children’s education and provide teenagers with a smoother transition between elementary school and high school.
Typically, the elementary school is reduced to six years. Junior high is grades 7 and 8, and senior high is grades 9 through 12. Today, some public schools have expanded middle schools to include grades 6 or 9 or have returned grades 7 and 8 to elementary schools.