In United States v. Veerapol, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upholds a civil rights act conviction based on the 13th Amendment’s prohibition against involuntary servitude. The case involves a restaurant owner who recruited Nobi Saeieo, a Thai national, to work at her restaurant and home by offering her transportation from Thailand. Saeieo worked long hours, faced abuse and was isolated from any contact with the outside world. When she thought about leaving, Saeieo was threatened with deportation and other legal action. Such behavior is found to be in violation of the 13th Amendment.