Congress Expands Support For Students With Disabilities

1990

Congress amends the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children by passing the Individuals with Disabilities Act. The law is the primary source of federal aid to state and local school systems for instructional and support services to children with disabilities. Among other things, the law requires participating states to furnish all children with disabilities a free, appropriate education in the least restrictive setting. Funding is available for preschool, elementary and secondary education. A “free, appropriate education” includes special education programs and related services such as speech pathology, psychological services, recreation and counseling.