1947

1947

In Everson v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court holds that the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment makes the First Amendment’s principle of separation of church and state applicable to the states.

In Francis v. Resweber, the Supreme Court rules that a convicted murderer whose execution by electric chair failed to kill him could be electrocuted again. The Court decides that repeated attempts at execution do not violate the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishments.