A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Accountability
Acid Rain
Advice and Consent
Affirm
Alderman
Alleged
Alternative Minimum Tax
Ambassador
Amendment Process
Amicus Curiae
Appeals Court
Appropriation
Arbiter
Arbitrary
Articles of Confederation
Assessor
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Attorney General
Auditor
Authoritarianism
Authority
Average Tax Rate
Advice and Consent
Article II of the Constitution provides that Presidents may nominate judges and high-level executive branch officers and negotiate treaties with the "advice and consent of the Senate." The Constitution is clear about what constitutes "consent" (it requires a majority of the Senate to approve a nominee and two-thirds of the Senate to consent to a treaty) but ambiguous on "advice," leading to frequent quarrels with Presidents who acted without consulting with the Senate. The House plays no role in the advice and consent process.


By Donald Ritchie, Our Constitution (Oxford University Press)