Timelines
Right to Trial by Jury in Federal Civil Cases

  • 1791
    Seventh Amendment Ratified

  • 1872
    Parties In Civil Cases May Waive Right To Jury

  • 1899
    Court Says Civil Juries Must Have 12 Members

  • 1900
    Civil Jury Verdicts To Be Unanimous

  • 1916
    7th Amendment Not Applicable To State Court Trials

  • 1938
    Uniform Rules For Federal Civil Lawsuits Established

  • 1943
    7th Amendment Does Not Prevent 'Directed Verdict'

  • 1970
    Corporations Enjoy Seventh Amendment Right

  • 1973
    Civil Juries May Have Fewer Than 12 Members

  • 1974
    Seventh Amendment Right Applies To Statutory Claims

  • 1977
    Jury Right Not Absolute When 'Public Rights' Are Litigated

  • 1987
    Jury Right Not Absolute In Civil Trial's Penalty Phase

  • 1989
    7th Amendment Rights In Federal Statutory Claims Clarified

  • 1991
    Race-Based Peremptory Challenges Not Allowed In Civil Cases

  • 1996
    Another Test Established For Exception To 7th Amendment