Timelines
Right Against Unreasonable Search and Seizure

  • 1772
    First Notions Of Protection

  • 1791
    Fourth Amendment Is Ratified

  • 1921
    Court Allows Waiver Of Protections

  • 1949
    Court Rules Protections Apply To States

  • 1961
    Exclusionary Rule Is Created

  • 1967
    Reasonable Expectation Of Privacy Concept Set

  • 1968
    Reasonable Suspicion Overrides Absence Of Warrant

  • 1975
    Lower Standard Set For Vehicle Stops Near Border

  • 1976
    Warrantless Arrest Based On Probable Cause Allowed

  • 1983
    Drug Seizure Upheld Under 'Open Field' Doctrine

  • 1984
    Evidence Allowed Under 'Good Faith' Exception

  • 1985
    Reasonableness Standard Cited In School Searches

  • 1986
    Aerial Surveillance For Drugs Ruled Constitutional

  • 1989
    Drug Tests For Jobs Associated With Security Risks Allowed
    Mandatory Drug Tests Of Rail Workers In Accidents Upheld

  • 1995
    Random Drug Testing Of Student Athletes Constitutional

  • 2000
    Required Drug Testing Of Welfare Recipients Struck Down

  • 2001
    Use Of Drug-Detection Technology Without Warrant Is Restricted

  • 2002
    Random Drug Tests Upheld For Students In Non-Athletic Activities

  • 2006
    Justice Department Defends Domestic Surveillance
    Police No-Knock Entry Into House Is Constitutional
    Court Limits 'Valid Consent' For Searches

  • 2007
    Patriot Act Provisions Struck Down

  • 2009
    Strip Search Of Student Ruled Unconstitutional
    Court Limits Police Search Of Cars

  • 2010
    Searches Allowed On Employer-Owned Electronic Devices

  • 2011
    Court Expands Warrantless Search by Police

  • 2012
    Police Cannot Use GPS Device Without Search Warrant

  • 2013
    Police Can Collect DNA From Arrestees

  • 2014
    Police Must Get Warrant for Cellphone Search

  • 2015
    Extended Traffic Stops Are Unconstitutional