A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Ratification
Rational Basis Test
Reapportionment
Recess
Recess Appointments
Recession
Recorder of Deeds
Recreation Commissioner
Red Herring
Redistricting
Referendum
Register of Wills
Religious Test
Renewable Energy
Reparations
Representative
Republic
Republican Form of Government
Republicanism
Resolution
Respondent
Review
Rhetoric
Rider
Right Against SelfIncrimination
Right to an Attorney
Right to Be Informed of the Charges Against You
Right to Bear Arms
Right to Jury Trial
Right to Petition the Government
Right to Privacy
Right to Public Trial
Right to Speedy Trial
Right to Travel
Rights or Individual Rights
Roll Call Vote
Rule of Law
Republican Form of Government
Article IV, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution states, “The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature can-not be convened) against domestic Violence.”

This provision, known as the guarantee clause, is attributed to James Madison. It has not been widely interpreted, but scholars think it ensures that each state be run as a representative democracy, as opposed to a monarchy (run by a king or queen) or a dictatorship (where one individual or group of individuals controls the government). Courts however have been reluctant to specify what exactly a republican form of government means, leaving that decision exclusively to Congress.



www.justicelearning.org, The United States Constitution, what it says, what it means, A Hip Pocket Guide (Oxford University Press)