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The Presidency & Voting
Habeas Corpus: The Guantanamo Cases
 
One of our oldest human rights, habeas corpus safeguards individual freedom by preventing unlawful or arbitrary imprisonment. This video explores habeas corpus and the separation of powers after of the 9/11 attacks as the Supreme Court tried to strike a balance between the president’s duty to protect the nation and the protection of civil liberties when it ruled in Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, Rumsfeld v. Bush, Hamdan v. Rumsfeld and Boumediene v. Bush.


Key Constitutional Concepts: Youngstown Sheet & Tube v. Sawyer

During the Korean War, President Harry Truman issued an executive order that authorized Secretary of Commerce Charles Sawyer to seize and operate most of the country's steel mills. Truman feared that a threatened strike by steelworkers would jeopardize national security. This video explores the limits on presidential powers through checks and balances.


 Korematsu and Civil Liberties

This documentary explores the landmark case Korematsu v. U.S., which addressed the constitutionality of presidential executive order 9066 during World War II that gave the U.S. military the power to ban thousands of American citizens of Japanese ancestry from areas considered important to national security.

Presidential Signing Statements

Four short videos explain the significance of presidential signing statements: Separation of Powers, Non-Enforcement, the Unitary Theory and the President's Intent. Hosted by Gwen Ifill of PBS NewsHour.

Mandate: The President and the People

The complex relationship between presidents and public opinion is examined by leading historians, political scientists and public figures who also offer insight into the office and its occupants, from George Washington to Franklin D. Roosevelt.


One Person, One Vote

Supreme Court Justices Sandra Day O'Connor and Stephen G. Breyer and other experts discuss how the principle of one person, one vote emerged from a series of landmark decisions in the 1960s, including Baker v. Carr and Reynolds v. Sims. They examine the political environment that led to the decisions and the Court's application of the 14th Amendment's equal protection clause in deciding reapportionment cases.