Timelines
Rights of Juvenile Defendants

  • 1899
    First Juvenile Court Established

  • 1966
    Due Process Rights For Juvenile Offenders Upheld

  • 1967
    Court Holds Juveniles Entitled To Due Process

  • 1970
    'Beyond A Reasonable Doubt' Is Standard In Deliquency Hearings

  • 1971
    Jury Trials Not Required For Juvenile Cases

  • 1974
    Juvenile Justice System Required To Be Separate

  • 1975
    Double Jeopardy Protections For Juveniles Announced

  • 1977
    Publication Of Juvenile’s Name, Photograph Is Upheld

  • 1982
    Offender’s Age Is Mitigating Factor In Imposing Death Penalty

  • 1984
    'Preventive Detention' Before Hearing Upheld

  • 1985
    Reasonableness Standard Cited In School Searches
    'Boot Camp' For Juvenile Offenders Introduced

  • 1988
    Execution Of Juveniles Found Unconstitutional

  • 1990
    Public Attitude Toward Juvenile Offenders Changes

  • 1995
    Random Drug Testing Of Student Athletes Constitutional

  • 2000
    Landmark Settlement Approved On Juveniles' Confinement

  • 2001
    14-Year-Old Boys Tried As Adults, Get Long Sentences

  • 2002
    Random Drug Tests Upheld For Students In Non-Athletic Activities

  • 2010
    No Life Term Without Parole for Juveniles Guilty of Crimes Other Than Homicide

  • 2012
    Justices Restrict Mandatory Life Terms for Juveniles