Timelines
Freedom From Slavery

  • 1784
    Jefferson Makes Anti-Slavery Proposal

  • 1787
    Congress Bans Slavery In Northwest Territory
    Constitution Counts A Slave As Three-Fifths Of A Person

  • 1856
    Freedmen's Bureau Established To Aid Freed Slaves

  • 1857
    'Dred Scott' Ruling Says Slaves Are Property, Not Citizens

  • 1862
    Slavery Abolished In District of Columbia And Territories

  • 1863
    Lincoln Issues Emancipation Proclamation

  • 1865
    Thirteenth Amendment Ratified
    Black Codes Continue To Limit Freedom Of Ex-Slaves

  • 1866
    Civil Rights Act Gives Some Basic Rights To Ex-Slaves

  • 1867
    Congress Passes Peonage Act

  • 1868
    Fourteenth Amendment Ratified

  • 1869
    Fifteenth Amendment Ratified

  • 1875
    Congress Passes Civil Rights Act Of 1875

  • 1883
    Civil Rights Act Of 1875 Ruled Unconstitutional

  • 1897
    Labor Contracts Not Considered Involuntary Servitude

  • 1903
    Alabama Law Allowing Forced Labor Struck Down

  • 1906
    13th, 14th Amendments Do Not Protect Against Private Acts Of Racial Discrimination

  • 1911
    Second Ala. Law Allowing Forced Labor Unconstitutional

  • 1914
    Ala. Law Struck Down as Involuntary Servitude

  • 1918
    Military Draft Is Not Involuntary Servitude, Court Rules

  • 1949
    Striking Workers Can Be Made To Return To Work

  • 1965
    Federal Ban Of Racial Discrimination In Public Accommodations Upheld

  • 1968
    Thirteenth Amendment Used To Protect Against Racial Discrimination

  • 1972
    Trading Baseball Player Without His Consent Not Involuntary Servitude

  • 1981
    Closing Streets For Safety Is Not A 'Badge Of Slavery'

  • 1988
    Supreme Court Defines Involuntary Servitude

  • 1993
    Mandatory Community Service In Schools Is Not Involuntary Servitude

  • 1995
    Mississippi Ratifies Thirteenth Amendment

  • 2001
    Deportation Threat If Immigrant Refuses To Work Unconstitutional
    Court Finds Income Tax Is Not Involuntary Servitude

  • 2003
    Presidential Directive Targets Human Trafficking