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Women's Struggle for Equality
From the voting booth to the office cubicle; the ball field to the battlefield, the road to women’s equality has been a long and difficult one. Extraordinary successes have been achieved by women themselves as they gathered petitions, staged rallies, protested unfair laws and lobbied for better ones, and fought for justice in the courts. But unfinished business remains, including pay and benefits inequity, the “glass ceiling,” disproportionate numbers in elected offices, and workplace discrimination. As recently as 2009, President Obama signed into law the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which made the rules governing the process employees must follow to recover discriminatory pay more fair. The women’s movement may be less confrontational than in its early years, but it is no less determined.

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A Call to ActA Call to Act: Ledbetter v. Goodyear Rubber and Tire Co. : This video tells the story of Lilly Ledbetter , whose fight to get equal pay for equal work eventually involved all three branches of government and resulted in a law with her name on it—the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009. (23 min)
Click here to view the video
A look back at some of the milestones along the road to equality for women.A timeline of the milestones along the road to equality for women. For a more detailed timeline, go to Women’s Rights.


Click here to view the timeline
Student Voices’ Speak OutStudent Speak Out: A Classroom Discussion Topic
How should the government deal with the wage gap?



Click here to view the Speak Out
Lesson planActions That Changed the Law: A thorough lesson plan based on the video "A Call to Act," for middle schools but especially for high schools. The plan includes readings and resources, student materials and teacher materials for up to four days of lessons. Alignment to National Standards for Civics and Government for middle and high school grades is included.

Click here to view the lesson plan

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