Today in History: February 05, 1937

FDR Tries to Expand High Court

President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils his plan to increase the number of U.S. Supreme Court justices. Under the proposal, the president would have the authority to add one justice to the court (up to 15 total) for each justice older than 70 who declines to retire. The proposed bill is met with serious political opposition. Roosevelt will sign the Judicial Procedure Reform Act of 1937, a  scaled-down version of his plan applying only to the lower federal courts.