Today in History: February 24, 1803

Judicial Review Established

The U.S. Supreme Court issues its landmark decision in Marbury v. Madison, establishing the court’s power of judicial review. The case stems from Secretary of State James Madison’s refusal to deliver a commission provided by outgoing President John Adams, who appointed William Marbury justice of the peace in the District of Columbia. The decision will be noteworthy for the court’s assertion of its power to review acts of Congress and invalidate those that conflict with the Constitution.